The most important handicraft of Iran, which has a worldwide reputation, is the industry of weaving carpet and Gelim (short-napped coarse carpet). Iranian carpet, due to its design, texture, and fixed color has its own special privileges, which is unique in the world. Today, there are many people, especially women, who are involved in this industry in large and small carpet workshops, scattered all around Iran. Nomad women weave a simple kind of carpet in their leisure time, which is called Jajim (coarse). Jajim is softer and lighter than Gelim. In addition to these, other hand-woven products like cashmere, shawl, and different cloths are produced in Iran for different uses.
Every tourist who comes to Iran, wishes to buy a small carpet or coarse. Everybody knows the reputation of Iranian carpets, as one of the best and invaluable handicrafts of the world. This industry and its workshops are owned both by government and private sector. Most of the carpets are produced in rural and tribal regions of Iran. The carpet of every region has its own texture, design, and color. The cities of Tabriz, Isfahan, Meshed, Kashan, Kerman, and Hamedan as well as the region of Turkmen, Baluch, Ghashghai, Afshar, Kurd, and lor tribes are important centers of carpet industry in Iran.
Iranian tile and ceramic industry and its products have perfectly portrayed themselves in mosques and historical monuments. The color and quality of Iranian tiles and ceramics are so fixed that they have resisted against hard climatic and erosive conditions of Iran for centuries. Besides this industry, the industries of pottery, glassworks, and tannery should be mentioned, of which several products are supplied to market. The metal and wooden handicrafts like copper and brass products, silver work, inlaid work embossment work, engraving, and other fine objects which are produced in metal, wood, and bone, have a long history in Iran and are highly demanded by tourists.